The Louvre Museum

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The Louvre Museum

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Information
Era 1793
Known Names
Influencers King Francis I
Pierre Lescot
King Henry II
Address

(Top Image: “Musee Du Louvre and Pyramide Paris France” by Roy Rainford)

The Louvre is one of the most famous museums in the world, housed in the Louvre Palace in Paris, France. The structure has existed since the 12th century, when it was built as a residence for the king of France.

Louvre

The Louvre was originally built by royal architect Pierre Lescot as a palace for King Francis I. Although construction began in 1546, the Louvre Museum was not founded until 1793. The French revolutionary government was the first to open the palace as a museum for public enjoyment after years of monarch rule and war. The Louvre holds the finest collection of art in the world, with pieces that span many cultures throughout the world for more than 11,000 years of human history. Today, the Louvre remains one of the most popular cultural sites in the world and a must-see destination for all Parisian travelers. The Louvre is home to some of the most celebrated pieces of art in history, featuring works in every medium from sculpture to painting. The most famous sculpture housed in the museum is a marble statue of the goddess Aphrodite, known as the Venus de Milo. Another historic work housed in the Louvre is the statue of the Law of Hammurabi, which is the first instance of written law in human history and the foundation for all cultural concepts of criminal justice and order. The museum is also home to The Mona Lisa, the most famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, the man who is widely recognized as one of the greatest artists in the world. The painting draws droves of admirers each day with its portrayal of a beautiful woman and her enigmatic smile. In addition to individual pieces of art, the museum also features wings dedicated to pieces from specific cultures and eras. In fact, the Louvre Museum boasts some of the finest Egyptian and Roman art collections in the world. With such an illustrious collection and a long history, it is no wonder that the Louvre is at the top of nearly every tourist’s itinerary when visiting Paris, France.

Famous

  • The Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, 1503-1506
  • Venus de Milo, Unknown, 100 B.C.
  • Liberty Leading the People, Eugene Delacroix, 1830
  • Psyche Revived by Cupid’s Kiss, Antonio Canova, 1787
  • Bathsheba at Her Bath, Rembrandt, 1654

Fun Facts

  • In 1983, the Louvre went through a major renovation to become the Grand Louvre.
  • The museum features a life-size glass pyramid in its courtyard.
  • The museum became public property after the French revolutionary government imprisoned King Louis XVI.

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References

Examples of Artwork in the Louvre Museum

Danseuse assise essayant ses pointes drawing sketch artwork by Edgar Degas

Danseuse assise essayant ses pointes

Madame Vigee-Lebrun And Her Daughter, Jeanne-Lucie-Louise (1780-1819) 1789

Madame Vigee-Lebrun And Her Daughter, Jeanne-Lucie-Louise (1780-1819) 1789

The Bather Called

The Bather Called “Baigneuse Valpincon ” 1808

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