Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter and sculptor who spent most of his life in France. Picasso co-founded the Cubist movement and developed multiple techniques, such as collage and constructed sculpture.
Picasso’s father was Don Jose Ruiz y Blasco, and his mother was Maria Picasso y Lopez. Ruiz was an art professor who taught Picasso how to paint birds and other animals in a natural environment. Picasso showed artistic talent from an early age, and his father began formally teaching him to create oil paintings when Picasso was seven. Pablo Picasso moved to A Coruna when his father became a fine arts professor in that city in 1891. His sister Conchita died in 1895 from diphtheria, an event that was highly traumatic for Picasso. His family moved to Barcelona that same year, where Picasso was admitted to an advanced art class at the age of 13.
Pablo Picasso moved to Madrid in 1901 and founded the art magazine Arte Joven along with Francisco de Asis Soler. Picasso drew illustrations for the magazines, which were the first works he signed as Picasso. Picasso painted portraits of the American art collectors Gertrude Stein and Allan Stein in 1906, when Gertrude Stein was Picasso’s primary patron. He began painting for an art gallery in Paris in 1907, which was operated by the German art collector Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. Picasso also painted Les Demoiselles d’Avignon during that year, which would become known as a founding work in Cubism. Picasso painted the portrait Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler in 1910. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque began formally developing Cubism during the early 1910s. Picasso’s Figure dans un Fauteuil was completed in 1910 and is considered one of the earliest examples of true Cubism. Picasso also collaborated with the Russian composer Stravinsky on the ballet Pulcinella in 1920, at which time Picasso also drew several sketches of Stravinsky. Guernica was one of Picasso’s last well-known works before World War II. It depicts the Basque village Guernica being bombed in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. He continued to work during the German occupation of Paris, although his work wasn’t exhibited during this period since the Nazis didn’t approve of his work. Picasso’s major works from the early 1940s include Still Life with Guitar and The Charnel House. Pablo Picasso still owned many of his paintings when he died, many of which are now in the Musee Picasso in Paris.